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Crop Worker

Kaimahi Huangakai

Alternative titles for this job

Crop workers assist with the growing and harvesting of fruit, vegetables and other produce on farms, market gardens, orchards and vineyards.

Pay

Crop workers usually earn

$19-$20 per hour

Crop workers who supervise others usually earn

$20-$25 per hour

Source: Horticulture NZ and Pick NZ, 2019.

Job opportunities

Chances of getting a job as a crop worker are good due to a shortage of workers.

Pay

Pay for crop workers varies depending on what they do and where they work.

  • New crop workers usually start on the minimum wage.
  • Crop workers with two to three years' experience may earn between $19 and $20 an hour.
  • Crop workers who supervise others usually earn between $20 to $25 an hour.

Fruit and vegetable pickers may be paid by how much they pick. Harvest work usually pays more than pruning or thinning.

Sources: Horticulture New Zealand and Pick NZ, 2019.

(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our pay information)

What you will do

Crop workers may do some or all of the following:

  • prepare soil for planting
  • plant crops such as grains, fruit, mushrooms, nuts or vegetables
  • maintain crops, which may involve weeding, spraying, pruning, thinning, fertilising and watering
  • check crops for quality
  • control pests and diseases
  • pick, sort and pack crops
  • operate vehicles and machinery such as forklifts, hydraladas, tractors and motorbikes
  • assist with general maintenance of buildings, fences and other structures.

Skills and knowledge

Crop workers need to have knowledge of:

  • growing and harvesting crops
  • crop diseases, weeds and pests and how to control them
  • local climate and weather conditions
  • food safety, market certification and quality requirements
  • applying agricultural fertilisers and chemicals
  • general maintenance and basic mechanics
  • assessing fruit or vegetables for ripeness, damage or size.

Working conditions

Crop workers:

  • may start work early in the mornings or in the evening
  • may work long or irregular hours during harvesting
  • work on farms, orchards and vineyards, or in hothouses
  • work outside in most weather conditions
  • may have to travel to follow seasonal work.

Entry requirements

There are no specific requirements to become a crop worker. However, horticultural knowledge or experience is useful.

Some employers support crop workers to gain horticulture qualifications on the job.

The Primary Industry Training Organisation (ITO) offers nursery, fruit and vegetable production courses and apprenticeships.

Secondary education

There are no specific secondary education requirements to become a crop worker. However, agricultural and horticultural science is useful.

Year 11-12 learners can find out more about the horticulture industry and earn unit standards towards a New Zealand Certificate in Agriculture or Horticulture (Level 1 or 2) with the Trades Academy.

Year 12-13 learners can find out more about the horticulture industry and earn NCEA unit standards through the Primary ITO Gateway programme.

Personal requirements

Crop workers need to be:

  • hard-working
  • reliable
  • quality focused with good attention to detail
  • efficient and practical
  • able to work as part of a team
  • able to follow instructions.

Useful experience

Useful experience for crop workers includes:

  • gardening or farm work
  • supermarket work
  • any work involving physical labour
  • sports or other outdoor activities.

Physical requirements

Crop workers need to be reasonably fit, with strong arms and backs to do long periods of physical work. They should not have any allergies to plants, pollen, chemicals or fertilisers.

Find out more about training

Horticulture New Zealand
(04) 472 3795 - info@hortnz.co.nz - www.hortnz.co.nz
Primary Industry Training Organisation
0800 208 020 - info@primaryito.ac.nz - www.primaryito.ac.nz
Check out related courses

What are the chances of getting a job?

High demand for crop workers

Demand for crop workers is strong and will continue to grow due to:

  • a shortage of workers caused by low unemployment rates
  • an increase in the amount of fruit and vegetables grown
  • the horticulture industry is expected to grow and increase its export revenue to over $5 billion in 2023.

It is predicted that 32,000 seasonal crop workers will be needed for the 2020 and 2021 seasons, but only up to 28,000 workers will be available.  

Job chances for crop workers best in summer and autumn

Demand for crop workers is higher during the peak growing seasons of summer and autumn. However, crop workers are needed all year round.

Your best chance of getting work is to contact employers directly. 

The best regions to find work in are Hawke's Bay, Bay of Plenty, Tasman (Nelson and Motueka) and Marlborough (Blenheim).

Types of employers varied

Crop workers may work for:

  • orchardists and grape (wine) growers
  • fruit, mushroom, nut and vegetable growers
  • grain farmers
  • flower growers.

Sources

  • Chapman, M, 'Access to Labour Critical to Horticulture's Growth', 16 March 2018, (www.hortnz.co.nz).
  • Horticulture New Zealand, 'Horticulture NZ Annual Report 2019', 2019, (www.hortnz.co.nz).
  • Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, '2019 Regional Seasonal Employer Survey', June 2019, (www.immigration.govt.nz).
  • Ministry of Social Development, 'Seasonal Labour Shortages in Hawke's Bay and Bay of Plenty', 5 April 2019, (www.scoop.co.nz).
  • New Zealand Institute of Economic Research, 'Horticulture labour supply and demand', June 2019.
  • Tipa, P, 'Recognised Seasonal Employer Scheme to be Reviewed', 16 January 2019, (www.ruralnews.co.nz). 
  • Van Beek, J, national seasonal labour, Horticulture New Zealand, careers.govt.nz interview, September 2019. 
  • Work The Seasons, 'Seasonal Calendar', accessed September 2019, (www.worktheseasons.co.nz).

(This information is a guide only. Find out more about the sources of our job opportunities information)

Progression and specialisations

Crop workers may move into team leader, shift supervisor or manager roles.

Crop workers may specialise in a number of roles, including:

Crop Monitor
Crop monitors check plants and trees for any pests and diseases and follow up on treatments.
Harvest Quality Controller
Harvest quality controllers take samples of fruit before and just after they are harvested to check their size, colour and quality.
Hydralada Operator
Hydralada operators use and maintain machinery to pick fruit off the tops of trees. 
Pruner
Pruners cut the branches of trees to improve a tree's growth and health.
Thinner
Thinners remove fruit from a tree that is of poor quality or not a standard size to improve the growth of other fruit.
Vineyard Worker
Vineyard workers help grow and pick grapes for wine production.
A team of crop workers harvesting apples

Picking fruit or vegetables is a big part of a crop worker's job

Last updated 18 September 2020